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                HANYUAN PROFILE

                • About Yingjing County
                • History
                • Culture
                • Geography
                • Society
                • Economy
                • Administrative Division
                • Industrial Cluster Overview
                About Yingjing County

                Yingjing County is located in western Sichuan Basin and middle Ya'an. The County covers an area of 1,781km2, with 5 towns, 14 townships and a total population of 153,000 under its jurisdiction. Yingjing, called Yandao in ancient times, is a provincial historical and cultural city in Sichuan, the place of origin of Yingjing Sand Product, a national intangible cultural heritage, an important post station on the ancient South Silk Road and Ancient Tea-Horse Road, a county entitled to ethnic preferential treatment, an old revolutionary base, a pilot county of the program "enlarging authority for strengthening counties", a county constructing ecological barrier in the upper reaches of Yangtze River and a demonstration county of provincial organic product certification.

                History

                Yingjing enjoys a long history with ancestors activities dating back to the Neolithic Age. Yingjing was part of Chu State in the Spring and Autumn Period, and part of Qin State in the Warring States Period. Over 2,300 years ago, in the 13th year of Gengyuan Period under the Reign of King Huiwen of Qin (312 B.C.), Yandao County was set up in Yingjing. In the 3rd Year of Wude Period in the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 620), the county was renamed as Rongjing. In the 13th Year of Hongwu Period in the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1380), the county was renamed as Yingjing. In June 14, 2000, the prefecture system was repealed and the municipality system was set up upon the approval of the State Council, hence Yingjing County was administered by Ya'an Municipality, Sichuan Province.

                Culture

                Yingjing enjoys a long history of administration organization system and is located in the west of Sichuan Basin and the middle of Ya'an, with the reputation of "home with refreshing breeze and gentle rain". The county covers an area of 1,781km2 with 5 towns and 16 townships and a total population of 153,000 under its jurisdiction. It is a provincial historical and cultural city in Sichuan, "Town of Sand Product" and strategic town on the ancient South Silk Road and the Ancient Tea-Horse Road. Yingjing boasts profound cultural deposits and abundant historical sites. As one of the counties rich in cultural relics in Sichuan Province, Yingjing County boasts 295 immovable cultural heritages, including 3 national cultural heritage sites, 3 provincial cultural heritage sites, and over 5,000 cultural relics in the collection of cultural institution, of which 41 pieces are Grade One National Cultural Heritages and 238 pieces are Grade Two and Three National Cultural Heritages.

                Qi Baishi praised Yingjing as "home with refreshing breeze and gentle rain", which boasts the Yinghe River and the Jinghe River and locates in front of Xiangling Mountain and Wawu Mountain to the direction of Chengdu in the east. Yingjing reaches Yucheng District of Ya'an in the northeast, Hongya County of Meishan in the southeast, Hanyuan County in the southwest, Luding County of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the west, and Tianquan County in the north, stretching for 61km from the east to the west and 53km from the south to the north. Yingjing, called Ruoshui in ancient China, was the hometown of Zhuanxu, the Cultural Ancestor of China, and the habitat of Di, Qiang and Yi ethnic groups. During the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, Yingjing was part of Shu State, Chu State and Qin State successively as a cultural boundary and a place of cultural fusion. After Qin State conquered Shu State, Yandao County was set up in Yingjing. During Sui and Tang dynasties, the "Rongjing Shuikou Shu (Military Town)" was set up in Yandao County, which marks the first use of name "Rongjing". In the 13th Year of Hongwu Period in the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1380), Rongjing County was reset with its Chinese character changed and was named Yingjing. As a county under the prefecture system throughout its history, Yingjing was a border town of military strategy significance and a trading center and post station on the ancient South Silk Road and Ancient Tea-Horse Road, boasting high and gentle mountains, clear and slow water flows, simple and wise people, intelligent and modest literati and industry of millet and tea planting. With a history of more than 4,700 years of human activities and more than 2,000 years of county history, Yingjing County boasts profound culture deposits and rich human heritages including Silk Road, Ancient Tea-Horse Road, Yandao Ancient City, Stele in Zunjian Pavilion in Memory of Prefecture Chief He Jun, ancient temple, ancient coins, ancient battlefield, ancient weapons, lacquerware in the Warring States Period and architectures of Ming and Qing Dynasties, additionally, with a forest coverage rate of 80.3%, Yingjing is also rich in mineral resources and primitive forest, featuring vast area of ¡°dove tree¡±, towering Phoebe zhennan around Yunfeng Temple, and magnificent sea of clouds surrounding the panoramic sightseeing platform on Niubei Mountain. Nourished by Hengduan Mountains for thousands of years, Yingjing County is showing its vitality and shining like a pearl.

                Geography

                Yingjing is located in western Sichuan Basin and middle Ya'an, between 102¡ã20' - 102¡ã56' E and 29¡ã29' - 29¡ã56' N. Yingjing reaches Yucheng District of Ya'an in the northeast, Hongya County in the southeast, Hanyuan County in the southwest, Luding County in the west, and Tianquan County in the north, stretching for 61km from the east to the west and 53km from the south to the north with a total area of 1,781km2. It is about 40km away from Ya'an Municipal People's Government and about 175km away from the People's Government of Sichuan Province.

                Society

                Population: According to the annual household report of 2018, the population of registered residents was 146,498, the new-born was 1,352 and the death was 2,039. As of the end of 2018, the population of permanent residents was 146,498. Specifically, urban population was 59,055 and rural population was 87,443. The urbanization rate was 40.31%, an increase of 0.82% over the previous year.

                Education: As of the end of 2018, there were 37 schools of all levels and types in total in the county, with 19,774 students and 1,289 faculty members, including 1,273 full-time teachers. By the end of 2018, there were 27 primary schools with 7,719 students, including 1,172 new students and the enrollment rate of primary-school-age children reached at 100%; 5 junior high schools with 5,642 students, including 2,129 new students; 25 affiliated kindergartens (preschool) with 1,346 students, including 925 new students; 1 general senior high school with 1,796 students, including 599 new students.

                Education: As of the end of 2018, there were 37 schools of all levels and types in total in the county, with 19,774 students and 1,289 faculty members, including 1,273 full-time teachers. By the end of 2018, there were 27 primary schools with 7,719 students, including 1,172 new students and the enrollment rate of primary-school-age children reached at 100%; 5 junior high schools with 5,642 students, including 2,129 new students; 25 affiliated kindergartens (preschool) with 1,346 students, including 925 new students; 1 general senior high school with 1,796 students, including 599 new students.

                Culture: As of the end of 2018, there were 3 art performance venues (including square), 1 cultural center, 21 culture stations (including 2 multi-use culture stations of provincial demonstration township), 1 public library and 133 village libraries. As of the end of 2018, there were 1 museum, 4 cultural relics protection institutions, 1 national cultural heritage, 2 provincial cultural heritages and 2 municipal cultural heritages. In addition, there were 2 items on the provincial intangible cultural heritage list and 2 items on the municipal intangible cultural heritage list. There was no rural radio station and wireless digital TV was available on the market. As of the end of 2018, there was no radio station, no TV station, 1 broadcasting station, no intermediate waves transmitter and no relay station. The radio and television coverage reached at 100%. There were 20,000 cable TV subscribers.

                Health: As of the end of 2018, there were 187 medical and health institutions, including 4 hospitals, 21 health centers, 103 village clinics, 56 clinics and 3 public health institutions. A total of 827 hospital beds were provided, and there were 769 employees in the hospitals and health centers, including 241 certified (assistant) doctors and 250 registered nurses. In the Maternal and Child Health-care Center, there were 44 employees, including 19 certified (assistant) doctors and 10 registered nurses. In the township health centers, there were 249 employees, including 91 certified (assistant) doctors and 65 registered nurses.

                Sports: In 2018, Yingjing made investment to sports and fitness programs including filed of football 7-a-side in Huatan Town, farmers sport engineering - basketball court in Lieshi Township, and fitness trails in Fucheng Township. As of the end of 2018, there was one public gymnasium receiving 17,550 persons in one year.

                People's livelihood: In 2018, the annual per capita disposable income of urban residents in the whole County was RMB 31,780, up 8%. Among it, the income from wage and salary was RMB 16,721, up 4.1%. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was RMB 21,023, up 7.1%. Among it, the residential expenditure increased by 2.2%, the household goods and services expenditure decreased by 8.3%, and the transportation and communications expenditure increased by 4.1%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents was RMB 1,390, up 9.1%. Among it, the income from wage and salary was RMB 7,327, up 2.6%. The per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was RMB 11,222, up 6.0%. Specifically, the residential expenditure decreased by 5.1%, the household goods and services expenditure increased by 16.0%.

                Social security: As of the end of 2018, there were 55,367 urban workers underwriting the basic endowment insurance, 12,540 of which were enterprises employees. The basic endowment insurance for rural residents and non-working urban residents covered 33,789 persons. A total of 117,602 persons were covered by basic medical insurance for rural residents and non-working urban residents and 21,043 persons by urban employee basic medical insurance. The number of subscribers to unemployment insurance reached 6,254, work-related injury insurance 12,101 and maternity insurance 10,616.

                Economy

                The gross domestic product (GDP) of the whole county in 2018 reached RMB 7.411 billion, a YoY increase of 6.9% in terms of comparable prices. Specifically, the value added of the primary industry was RMB 705 million, up 3.8%; the value added of the secondary industry was RMB 3.847 billion, up 7.5%; and the value added of the tertiary industry was RMB 2.859 billion, up 6.8%. The contribution rates of the three industries to economic growth were 5.3%, 58.7% and 36% respectively. The GDP per capita was RMB 48,726, up 7.2%. The proportion of the three industries was 9.5 : 51.9 : 38.6.

                [Private Sector] In 2018, the value added of the private sector was RMB 5.612 billion, a YoY increase of 6.9%, accounting for 75.7% of GDP. Specifically, the value added of the three industries were RMB 144 million, RMB 3.607 billion and RMB 1.861 billion respectively, down 3.2%, up 7.1% and up 7.2% correspondingly.

                [Fixed Asset Investment] In 2018, the fixed asset investment reached RMB 4.73 billion, a YoY increase of 6.6%. Specifically, the private investment was RMB 3.763, up 39.5%. In terms of the three industries, the investments were RMB 780 million, RMB 1.33 billion and RMB 2.62 billion respectively, representing increases of 162.8%, 11.7% and -11.2% correspondingly. The investment in the secondary industry was RMB 1.304 billion, up 12.7%.

                [Public Financial Revenue and Expenditure] In 2018, the budget revenue was RMB 271.31 million, a YoY increase of 18.98%. The general budget expenditure was RMB 917.06 million, down 29.05%.

                Administrative Division

                As of 2018, Yingjing County governed 5 towns, 14 townships and two ethnic townships. The 5 towns are Yandao, Huatan, Longcanggou, Niubeishan and Xintian; the 14 townships are Liuhe, Lietai, Anjing, Lieshi, Yinghe, Xinjian, Siping, Xinmiao, Datianba, Tianfeng, Fucheng, Wuxian, Yanzhu and Qinglong; and the two ethnic township are Minjian Yi Ethnic Township and Baofeng Yi Ethnic Township. A total of 7 community committees and 105 villagers¡¯ committees were established. According to the household report, as of the end of 2018, the household registered population was 146,498, including an urban population of 59,055 and a rural population of 87,443. In 2018, there were 17 ethnic groups in Yingjing County. There were Baofeng Yi Ethnic Township and Minjian Yi Ethnic Township with a total population of 3,341. Only 1,560 persons lived in the two ethnic townships and other 1,850 persons (54% of the total population of ethnic groups) scattered in other towns and townships.

                Industrial Cluster Overview

                Yingjing Industrial Cluster Zone was built in 2007 with a total planned area of 10.06km2, core area of 3.5km2 and constructed area of 6km2. According to the CPC Sichuan Provincial Committee's strategic decision - making deployment of regional development of "Construction of Central City and Many Supporting Points and Coordination of Five Economic Zones" and arrangements of the CPC Ya'an Municipal Committee of constructing Yingjing into a sub-center of municipal economy and construction of provincial environmental-friendly material industrial base, focusing on the target of "province-wide economically strong county", the Cluster has vigorously carried out the "Ten-Billion Industry Cultivation Initiative" and developed the industrial system featuring a dominate industry of new construction materials and cooperative industries of glass ceramics, basalt fiber, new alloy material and new timber and bamboo materials, thus forming the spatial industrial layout of "One Zone with Three Clusters".

                In September 2013, Yingjing Industrial Cluster was rated as a provincial recycling economy demonstration park and Emin Nano Glass was rated as provincial recycling economy demonstration enterprise; in 2015, Emin Nano Glass was included to the list of national recycling economy standardization pilot enterprises and tailing comprehensive utilization demonstration projects; in September 2016, Yingjing Industrial Cluster was included to the first batch of Sichuan characteristic industry (nano glass) bases by Sichuan Provincial Economic and Information Commission; in February 2018, Yingjing Economic Development Zone was included to the China Development Zone Catalogue; in January 2019, Yingjing Economic Development Zone was approved to be upgraded to provincial economic development zone by the Sichuan Provincial People's Government.